Measuring student-to-student confirmation in the college classroom: A Turkish adaptation and validation study

Kerimoğlu E., Alcı B., Doenyas C.

International Journal of Intercultural Relations, vol.96, 2023 (SSCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 96
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijintrel.2023.101858
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Intercultural Relations
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, ASSIA, Periodicals Index Online, ABI/INFORM, CINAHL, Communication & Mass Media Index, Communication Abstracts, Criminal Justice Abstracts, Index Islamicus, Linguistics & Language Behavior Abstracts, MLA - Modern Language Association Database, Political Science Complete, Psycinfo, Public Affairs Index, Social services abstracts, Sociological abstracts, Worldwide Political Science Abstracts
  • Keywords: Reliability, Scale adaptation, Student-to-student confirmation, Turkey, Validity
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Students give attention, offer assistance, and acknowledge each other, thereby recognizing one another as valuable individuals and confirming one another. Given the importance of such student-to-student confirmation for academically and psychologically healthy classrooms, understanding student-to-student confirmation carries importance for the educational and personal well-being of students, and adaptation studies are needed to measure student-to-student confirmation in different groups. For this purpose, this study adapted the Student-to-Student Confirmation Scale to the Turkish context and language. For linguistic equivalence, both forward and backward translations were performed. The data obtained from the adapted version of the scale, which was tested on 648 Turkish undergraduate students (73.3% female, Mage = 20.95, range = 18 – 43), were analyzed using Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). The adapted scale was found to have the same structure as its original one, which was tested on college students of various ethnicities at a large, public, Western university. By providing a valid and reliable scale in Turkish, this study enables the utilization of this scale in non-Western samples. This way, it has the potential to pave the way for cross-cultural comparisons as well as understanding and ameliorating this important concept in non-Western populations.