Parametric optimization of an impingement jet solar air heater for active green heating in buildings using hybrid CRITIC-COPRAS approach

Kumar R., Kumar S., Ağbulut Ü., Gürel A. E., Alwetaishi M., Shaik S., ...More

International Journal of Thermal Sciences, vol.197, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 197
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijthermalsci.2023.108760
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Thermal Sciences
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: COPRAS, CRITIC, Green energy, Optimization, Solar air heating system, Thermohydraulic performance
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: No


This work aimed to optimize the parameters of discrete multi-arc shaped ribs (DMASRs) in a solar air heating system (SAHS) through multi-criteria decision-making techniques. In the experiment, the roughness parameters of DMASRs were varied to find the best parameter combination for optimal SAHS performance. The relative rib height (Hr/H) was varied from 0.025 to 0.047, and the relative rib pitch (Pr/H) was varied from 0.58 to 3.1. The results obtained for the Nusselt number and friction factor, which determine the performance of the SAHS system, depend on the geometrical parameters of the roughness. The parameters of DMASRs did not show any discernible trend. Hence, a multi-decision criteria approach that uses criteria importance through inter-criteria correlation (CRITIC) and complex proportional assessment (COPRAS) hybrid techniques was employed to determine the best parameter combination for optimal performance. The novel aspect of this study includes the use of a hybrid method (experimental and analytical) to optimize the performance of SAHS roughened with DMASRs hindrance promoters and predictions of outcomes using a hybrid CRITIC-COPRAS approach. The experimental and analytical examination through the use of the hybrid CRITIC-COPRAS approach is an essential component of this research that contributes to the optimization of the design parameters of such SAHS. The finding demonstrated that when Re = 19000, Pr/H = 1.7, and Hr/H = 0.047 were reached, the SAHS obtained an optimal thermohydraulic performance of 4.1.