Analysis of rectifying behavior of novel ball-type binuclear phthalocyanine based devices


Yazici A., Ozkan C., Gezer M. B. , ALTINDAL A. , SALİH B., Bekaroglu O.

INORGANICA CHIMICA ACTA, vol.404, pp.40-48, 2013 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 404
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ica.2013.04.011
  • Journal Name: INORGANICA CHIMICA ACTA
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.40-48
  • Keywords: Mobility, Space charge limited conductivity, Phthalocyanine, Rectifying, GAS-SENSING PROPERTIES, ELECTRICAL-PROPERTIES, THIN-FILMS, ELECTROCATALYTIC PROPERTIES, ZINC-PHTHALOCYANINE, CONDUCTION, UNITS, ELECTRODES, TRIAZINE, COPPER

Abstract

A new mono substituted derivatives 1 and 2 were prepared by a nucleophilic displacement reaction of 4-nitrophthalonitrile with pyridine-2,6-dimethylol. Novel metallophthalocyanines 3-4 (M = Zn, Co respectively), and ball-type binuclear phthalocyanines 5-6 with four peripheral pyridine-2,6-dimethyloxy groups were synthesized by cyclotetramerization of the phthalonitrile and characterized by elemental analyses, FT-IR, H-1 NMR, UV-Vis and MALDI-TOF MS spectral data. The effects of molecular structure on the charge transport properties of novel metallophthalocyanines 3-4 and ball-type binuclear phthalocyanines 5-6 with four peripheral pyridine-2,6-dimethyloxy groups based devices are investigated using I-V measurements. From our study, we found that ball type films showed an enhanced mobility of nearly ten times that of typical mono Pcs. At low voltages (V < 1V) all the films showed an ohmic conduction, whereas at higher voltage (V > 1V) levels the conduction is dominated by space charged limited conduction (SCLC) with exponential distribution of trapping levels. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.