Methyl orange dye sequestration using polyaniline nanotube-filled sodium alginate bio-composite microbeads

Yildirim S., IŞIK B., UĞRAŞKAN V.

Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol.307, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 307
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.matchemphys.2023.128083
  • Journal Name: Materials Chemistry and Physics
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Adsorption, Composite microbeads, Methyl orange, PANI nanotubes, Sodium alginate
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Dye pollution is a significant problem in today's environmental protection, and bio-adsorbents have been getting a lot of attention in wastewater treatment because of their affordability, sustainability, and eco-friendly. Bio-based sodium alginate-polyaniline nanotube (SA-PANINT) composite microbeads were fabricated by a facile cross-linking with calcium chloride solution for the adsorptive removal of methyl orange (MO) dye. Depending on the amount of PANINT in the composite composition, SA-PANINT-10, SA-PANINT-20, SA-PANINT-30, and SA-PANINT-40 composite microbeads were prepared. Among these microbeads, SA-PANINT-30 composite microbeads gave the best results in experimental tests. The obtained SA-PANINT-30 composite microbeads were characterized by FTIR-ATR, SEM, XRD, and BET analyses, and the influence of dose (0.01 g/50 mL–0.15 g/50 mL), pH (2–12), time (0–210 min), and concentration (10–50 mg/L) on the adsorption of MO was examined. From the Langmuir isotherm model, under optimum conditions, the qm value of SA-PANINT-30 microbeads was determined as 370.4 mg/g at 25 °C. It was also obtained that the adsorption process followed the PSO model and the adsorption process took place chemically. From the thermodynamic parameters, the adsorption process for SA-PANINT-30 microbeads was found to be endothermic (ΔHo=24.09 kJ/mol) and spontaneous (ΔGo=−25.56 kJ/mol at 25 °C). Considering all these results, it was seen that the prepared composite microbeads can be used as a highly efficient, low-cost, sustainable, and potential adsorbent in the removal of synthetic anionic dyes from wastewater.