Middle School Students’ Perceptions of Scientists and Views About to Become a Scientist

İvgin A. B., Akçay H., Kapıcı H. Ö.

International Journal on Social and Education Sciences, vol.3, no.3, pp.1-19, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 3 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Journal Name: International Journal on Social and Education Sciences
  • Journal Indexes: ERIC (Education Resources Information Center)
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-19
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


It is important to explore children’s perceptions related to scientists for preventing their lack of interest in science and avoidance of science careers. This study aims to reveal middle school students' images of scientists, with an analysis of how those images may be influenced by middle school science textbooks currently use in Turkey. It was also examined students’ opinions related to becoming a scientist. The study is based on a qualitative research methodology. The sample consists of 98 students from a middle school (5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th grade). The data was gathered by four science textbooks, the Draw a Scientist Test (DAST) and an open-ended questionnaire. The findings showed that most of the middle school students think that scientists as men, happy, wearing lab coats and glasses, working individually in indoor places. Albert Einstein and Isaac Newton were drawn as the most famous scientists. The images of scientists in the science textbooks were mostly men. On the other side, more than half of the students were not sure or not eager to be scientists for their future careers because of negative thoughts on scientific studies and not matching their own characters and the characters that scientists should have.