In this paper, the influences of the spindle speed and feed rate on the drill temperature responses have been investigated. A new experimental approach was developed to measure drill temperature in drilling process. Drill temperatures were measured by inserting standard thermocouples through the coolant (oil) hole of TiAlN-coated carbide drills. Experimental parameters used in the study has based on Taguchi's method. Experimental study was conducted by using two different workpiece materials, AISI 1040 steel and Al 7075-T651. The drill bit temperature was predicted using a numerical calculation with Third Wave AdvantEdge(TM) Lagrangian based on explicit finite element analysis software. The results obtained from experimental study and finite element analyses (FEA) were compared. Good agreement between the measured and analyzed temperature results was found in dry drilling process. (C) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.