Aerodynamic Efficiency and Performance Development in an Electric Powered Fixed Wing Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

Kaynak B., ARABUL A. Y.

Electric Power Components and Systems, vol.51, no.7, pp.724-732, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 51 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/15325008.2023.2187097
  • Journal Name: Electric Power Components and Systems
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Environment Index, INSPEC, Metadex, DIALNET, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.724-732
  • Keywords: unmanned aerial vehicle, flow analysis, wing design, performance optimization
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have an important place in today’s technologies because of the solutions they bring to many critical problems in military and civilian application around the world. One of the important advantages of UAVs in aviation, particularly in the military field, is high observation, reconnaissance and pursuit activities. Fixed-wing UAVs, which have many configurations, stand out with their electric motor models owing to their efficiency and flight cost advantages. However, for reconnaissance and pursuit activities, this must be supported by a low cruise flight speed and high aerodynamic efficiency. In this study, it is aimed to reduce flight speed, to increase flight duration and aerodynamic efficiency by designing new modular wing based on flow analysis. Test flights are performed at different angles of attack and new parameters are determined. As a result of experimental studies, cruise flight speed is significantly reduced and pursuit capabilities of UAV is improved. This development has a positive effect on power consumption of electric motor by reducing current drawn by motor and its RPM value. Due to the reduction of power consumption, flight time increased by 36% and the average current drawn decreased by 45% which makes aerodynamic efficiency to be increased.