High temperature carbonization of Turkish bituminous coals in Jenkner retort

Sutcu H., Toroglu I., Piskin S.

ENERGY SOURCES, vol.26, no.7, pp.671-683, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00908310490445544
  • Journal Name: ENERGY SOURCES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.671-683
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: No


Turkey started its history of bituminous coal with its discovery in 1829 in the Zonguldak Basin in Northwest Turkey. Today, the Zonguldak Basin contains almost 99% of the country's estimated 1.4 thousand million tons of bituminous coal reserves. Coal is mined by underground methods in five districts-Karadon, Uzulmez, Kozlu, Armutcuk and Amasra.