Belief Patterns and Anxiety Levels of Turkish EFL Students in Relation to Level of Instruction

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Okay A., Balçıkanlı C.

i-manager’s Journal on Educational Psychology, vol.11, no.2, pp.18-28, 2017 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Journal Name: i-manager’s Journal on Educational Psychology
  • Journal Indexes: ERIC (Education Resources Information Center)
  • Page Numbers: pp.18-28
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


This study investigates whether there is a relationship between anxiety levels and belief patterns of Turkish EFL students in relation to level of instruction. A total number of 207 students voluntarily participated in the study. To gather quantitative data, adapted Turkish versions of Beliefs about Language Learning Inventory (BALLI) and Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale (FLCAS) were used, and qualitative data were collected through semi-structured interviews. The quantitative data analyses revealed that low-proficient students are more anxious than their high-proficient peers. In addition, a significant relationship was found between students' anxiety levels and four belief patterns: high-anxious students believed that (1) English is a difficult language; (2) they do not have language aptitude; (3) they will not eventually learn to speak English; and (4) they feel self-conscious when speaking English in front of other people--the opposite beliefs were found to be true for low-anxious students. The qualitative data analyses also supported the finding that learner beliefs and anxiety have a close relationship. The implications are discussed.