Mathematical modeling of thin layer drying of pistachio by using solar energy

Midilli A., Kucuk H.

ENERGY CONVERSION AND MANAGEMENT, vol.44, no.7, pp.1111-1122, 2003 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2003
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/s0196-8904(02)00099-7
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1111-1122
  • Keywords: thin layer drying, solar drying, modeling, natural drying, forced drying, pistachio, BEHAVIOR, BARLEY, SLICES, SYSTEM
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: No


This paper presents a mathematical modeling of thin layer forced and natural solar drying of shelled and unshelled pistachio samples. In order to estimate and select the suitable form of solar drying curves, eight different mathematical models, which are semi-theoretical and/or empirical, were applied to the experimental data and compared according to their coefficients of determination (r, chi(2)), which were predicted by non-linear regression analysis using the Statistica Computer Program. It was deduced that the logarithmic model could sufficiently describe thin layer forced solar drying of shelled and unshelled pistachio, while the two term model could define thin layer natural solar drying of these products in evaluation by considering the coefficients of determination, r(sfsd) = 0.9983, chi(sfsd)(2) = 2.697 x 10(-5); r(ufsd) = 0.9990, chi(ufsd)(2) = 1.639 x 10(-5) for thin layer forced solar drying and r(snsd) = 0.9990, chi(snsd)(2) = 3.212 x 10(-6); r(unsd) = 0.9970, chi(unsd)(2) = 4.590 x 10(-5) for thin layer natural solar drying. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.