The effect of thermal aging on solid insulating materials: A case study for dielectric loss and dissipation factor based evaluations under different voltage levels and frequencies

Akin F., Arikan O.

Engineering Failure Analysis, vol.148, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 148
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.engfailanal.2023.107222
  • Journal Name: Engineering Failure Analysis
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, DIALNET, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Electrical engineering, Power system equipment, Solid insulating materials, Dielectric properties analysis, Thermal stress, Harmonics
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Investigating the dielectric performance phenomenon in insulating materials is critical for condition monitoring and early failure diagnosis. In this study, the effect of thermal aging on dielectric losses and dissipation factors of four insulating materials are investigated: PET, SBR/NR, presspaper and HDPE. A series of measurements at 4 kV and 10 kV with eight different frequencies between 50 Hz and 400 Hz are used to determine the dielectric loss and dissipation factor values of the materials during aging process. Thus, the non-ideal structure of electrical networks and the presence of harmonics are considered. Referring to the results, it is found that the level and frequency of the applied voltage greatly affects the performance of the materials. Also, it is seen that thermal aging have a significant impact on the dielectric properties of the materials. Furthermore, thermal aging effect on the results of different frequencies differs according to the material type.