Evaluating the effect of microalga Haematococcus pluvialis bioaugmentation on aerobic membrane bioreactor in terms of performance, membrane fouling and microbial community structure


Aydin S., Unlu I. D. , Arabaci D. N. , Duru O. A.

SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, vol.807, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 807
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.149908
  • Journal Name: SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Analytical Abstracts, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, EMBASE, Environment Index, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Geobase, Greenfile, MEDLINE, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Public Affairs Index, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Membrane bioreactor, Microalga, Antibiotics, Microbial community, Bioaugmentation, Aerobic biological treatment, WASTE-WATER TREATMENT, REMOVAL, ANTIBIOTICS, PHOTOBIOREACTORS, CULTIVATION, METABOLITES, SEQUENCES

Abstract

In this study, considering the enhancement potential of microalgae and MBRs for wastewater treatment, the microalgae Haematococcus pluvialis, which is a freshwater species of Chlorophyta with a high capacity to synthesize astaxanthin, was bioaugmented into an aerobic MBR to investigate its potential on treatment of antibiotics in wastewater, reducing membrane biofouling, and impact on the microbial community structure. For this purpose, two control MBRs, with and without antibiotics, alongside an MBR bioaugmented with H. pluvialis, were set under mesophilic conditions, using inoculum from a local wastewater treatment facility and synthetic wastewater. The common antibiotics sulfamethoxazole (SMX), tetracycline (TET) and erythromycin (ERY) were selected to investigate removal efficiencies by Haematococcus pluvialis in an MBR for this study. In the bioaugmented reactor, membrane biofouling was delayed by 33% and chemical oxygen demand removal increased by 6%. The highest removal of antibiotics was observed for TET with a 20% enhancement from 69.75% (C2) to 89.73% (HP). The results also suggested that H. pluvialis reconstructed indigenous and biofilm microbial communities in MBR. The biodegradation network was modified and the relative abundance of Proteobacteria increased, while Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes were significantly reduced. (c) 2021 Published by Elsevier B.V.