A Fuzzy Programming Based Approach to a Multi-Objective Multi-Echelon Green Closed-Loop Supply Chain Problem

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Kocken K., ÖZKÖK B., KÖÇKEN H.

Cybernetics and Information Technologies, vol.23, no.3, pp.40-55, 2023 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.2478/cait-2023-0023
  • Journal Name: Cybernetics and Information Technologies
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Communication Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.40-55
  • Keywords: closed-loop supply chain, fuzzy multi-objective linear programming, Green supply chain
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


It has become a social and legal obligation to take into account environmental factors as well as economic factors when designing the supply chain network. Reducing the emission of harmful gases in supply chain operations, recycling and efficient use of resources must be taken into consideration for future generations. The supply chain created in this study, in addition to the abovementioned features, includes supplier selection, warehouse and distribution center setup, transportation amounts between facilities, and transportation modes of products to be transported. This model, which is a multi-objective multi-echelon green closed-loop supply chain, is a mixed integer linear mathematical model and tries to maximize the joint satisfaction of the objectives with the help of a fuzzy approach using Zimmermann's minimum operator.