Sodium borohydride hydrolysis by using ceramic foam supported bimetallic and trimetallic catalysts


Balkanlı E., Figen H. E.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, vol.44, pp.9959-9969, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.12.010
  • Journal Name: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.9959-9969
  • Keywords: Hydrogen generation, Sodium borohydride, Hydrolysis, Catalyst, Ceramic foam, HYDROGEN GENERATION, COBALT, NABH4, STORAGE, NICKEL, BORON, ISSUES, STATE

Abstract

In this study, bimetallic and trimetallic catalysts with different contents on ceramic foam support were prepared in an integrated continuous system and performances of catalysts were investigated using a fixed bed reactor. Bimetallic copper-cobalt, lithium-cobalt, and platinum and palladium added bimetallic (trimetallic) catalysts were prepared and characterized by SEM for morphological structure analysis, BET for surface area measurements, and XRD and XPS for crystal structure analysis. In the hydrogen production tests carried out at different flow rates and temperatures, Pd included trimetallic catalysts performed slightly better than Pt added bimetallic catalysts. Although Pd catalysts have low activity than Pt catalysts according to literature, Pd catalyst prepared on ceramic foam had higher activity. In this work, Pd LiCo and Pd-CuCo catalysts demonstrated highest hydrogen production rates (respectively 4.76 ml/min and 4.69 ml/min) as well as highest specific surface area (7.301 m(2)/g for Pd-LiCo, 11.821 m(2)/g for PdCuCo). (C) 2018 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.