Use of seawater as the mix water for concrete


Aydoğan O. G. , Bilici S., Akca A. H. , Balcı E., Özyurt N.

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON “CEMENT - BASED MATERIALS TAILORED FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE", İstanbul, Turkey, 27 - 29 May 2021, pp.311-318

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: İstanbul
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.311-318

Abstract

According to the “Water Report” published by United Nations on March 2017 (UN World Water Report, 2017),
two thirds of the world’s population live in areas that experience water shortage for some time in a year.
Ongoing studies and predictions represent that water shortage problem will increase in the near future. Based on
that information, many researchers worldwide focus on the subjects such as waste water management, use of
seawater for several applications and etc., under the scope of sustainability. Construction industry is represented
as one of the moderately water dependent sectors in the “2016 Water Report” (UN World Water Report, 2016)
of United Nations. Concrete sector is also one of the big water consumer sectors, since concrete is the most used
construction material worldwide. In the scope of this study, the main objective was to understand the effects of
using sea water as the mix water for concrete for non-reinforced applications. Most of the studies found in
literature focus on changes in mechanical behavior when seawater was used as the mix water for concrete.
However, the number of studies that examine and explain the reason for changes in mechanical behavior is yet
very limited. 8 different concrete mixtures were produced in the scope of this study. Type of mix water (seawater
and tap water) and type of cement (PC and Sulfate resisting cement) were varied. Macro synthetic structural
fibers were also used to see the effectiveness of these fibers when combined with seawater mixed concrete.
Detailed microstructural analyses were carried out as well as mechanical strength tests to understand and
evaluate the reasons for changes in the material behavior when seawater was used as the mix water for concrete.