Guyer S., Can Z.

6th International Conference on Recent Advances in Space Technologies (RAST), İstanbul, Turkey, 12 - 14 June 2013, pp.729-733 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume:
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/rast.2013.6581305
  • City: İstanbul
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.729-733
  • Keywords: solar flare, X-Ray flux, sudden ionospheric disturbances, SITEC


Flares are generated from electromagnetic radiation which is sudden libratory of the stored energy in the magnetic field of the sun. These electromagnetic radiations vary from X ray to gamma ray. Flares are classified according to their brightness as C, M and X, where X is the brightest. X class flares cause long-time solar storm and ionospheric radio waves scintillations. Moderate level M class flares mostly effect polar cups and cause short-time radio scintillations. C class flares are weaker than the X and M flares. Their efficiency on Earth's ionosphere creates faint disturbances.