A novel conductometric creatinine biosensor based on solid-state contact ammonium sensitive PVC-NH2 membrane

IŞILDAK İ., Cubuk O., Altikatoglu M., Yolcu M., Erci V., Tinkilic N.

BIOCHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL, vol.62, pp.34-38, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 62
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.bej.2011.10.013
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.34-38
  • Keywords: Conductometric biosensor chip, Creatinine, Biosensor, Creatininase immobilization, Solid-state biosensor, ENZYME ELECTRODE, UREA, SYSTEM, SERUM, FILM, PH
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


A novel, highly sensitive and stable conductometric biosensor for creatinine determination is developed. The biosensor is based on solid-state contact ammonium-sensitive sensor. Creatininase is chemically immobilized on the surface of the solid-state contact ammonium-sensitive membrane via glutaraldehyde covalent attachment method. The developed conductometric creatinine biosensors demonstrate high sensitivity and short response time toward creatinine. The detection limit of the biosensor was about 2 x 10(-6) M and the response time was shorter than 10s in phophate buffer solution at pH 7.20. The linear dynamic range of the biosensor was between 1 x 10(-1) and 9 x 10(-6) M creatinine concentration in phosphate buffer solution at pH 7.20. The biosensor exhibited good operational and storage stability for at least 4 weeks kept in dry at 4-6 degrees C. It had a reproducible and stable response during continuous work at least for 10 h with the relative standard deviation of 0.5% (n = 48) for creatinine of 1 x 10(-3) M in phosphate buffer solution. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.