Stability of berm type breakwater with cube blocks in the lower slope and berm

YÜKSEL Y., ÇEVİK E., van Gent M. R., ŞAHİN C., Altunsu A., Tugce Yuksel Z.

Ocean Engineering, vol.217, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 217
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.oceaneng.2020.107985
  • Journal Name: Ocean Engineering
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, Environment Index, Geobase, ICONDA Bibliographic, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Berm type breakwater, Cube blocks, Berth structures, Berm, Lower slope
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


© 2020 Elsevier LtdIn this study, the stability of cube armour units in the lower slope and berm of rubble mound breakwaters with a berm was investigated for irregular and regular placement methods. Cubes are simple and cheap in production. However, the design conditions for the upper slope and lower slope may differ depending on the water level of the dominant storm conditions. For the upper slope, relatively higher water levels are dominant. The berm has a reducing effect on the wave loading on the upper slope and therefore, it may be relevant to use cubes in the lower slope, in combination with rock in the upper slope. In this study, a regular placement technique named “the double pyramid placement method” was applied for cubes placed on the lower slope and the berm. This placement technique was compared with the irregular placement technique by performing experiments in a wave flume. As a result of this investigation, the regular placement method was found to be superior for the stability of cubes in the lower slope and berm of rubble mound breakwaters with a berm.