Field Programmable Gate Arrays Implementation of Dual Tree Complex Wavelet Transform


CANBAY F., Levent V. E. , SERBES G. , Goren S., AYDIN N.

37th Annual International Conference of the IEEE-Engineering-in-Medicine-and-Biology-Society (EMBC), Milan, İtalya, 25 - 29 Ağustos 2015, ss.6026-6029

  • Doi Numarası: 10.1109/embc.2015.7319765
  • Basıldığı Şehir: Milan
  • Basıldığı Ülke: İtalya
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.6026-6029

Özet

Due to the inherent time-varying characteristics of physiological systems, most biomedical signals (BSs) are expected to have non-stationary character. Therefore, any appropriate analysis method for dealing with BSs should exhibit adjustable time-frequency (TF) resolution. The wavelet transform (WT) provides a TF representation of signals, which has good frequency resolution at low frequencies and good time resolution at high frequencies, resulting in an optimized TF resolution. Discrete wavelet transform (DWT), which is used in various medical signal processing applications such as denoising and feature extraction, is a fast and discretized algorithm for classical WT. However, the DWT has some very important drawbacks such as aliasing, lack of directionality, and shift-variance. To overcome these drawbacks, a new improved discrete transform named as Dual Tree Complex Wavelet Transform (DTCWT) can be used. Nowadays, with the improvements in embedded system technology, portable real-time medical devices are frequently used for rapid diagnosis in patients. In this study, in order to implement DTCWT algorithm in FPGAs, which can be used as real-time feature extraction or denoising operator for biomedical signals, a novel hardware architecture is proposed. In proposed architecture, DTCWT is implemented with only one adder and one multiplier. Additionally, considering the multi-channel outputs of biomedical data acquisition systems, this architecture is capable of running N channels in parallel.