SUMARSKI LIST, cilt.140, ss.357-368, 2016 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
Since Global Positioning System (GPS) has been routinely conducted in many engineering projects, it is also effectively applied to the assessment and preventing of forest and natural resources. Depending on the GPS survey method preferred in the applications performed around the forest environments, different level point positioning accuracy can be achieved. Traditionally, for many precise positioning applications, relative static positioning has been used. The data obtained have been analyzed with high-cost scientific and commercial software, which are required a good knowledge of processing procedures. However, in recent years, web based online services that use Precise Point Positioning (PPP) technique, developed as a special type of relative positioning, that enables to process and analyze the static data easily, have become a significant alternative for users. These developments on GPS based surveyings that significantly make contributions to the studies applied around the forest environment, in terms of time, cost, accuracy and labour are preferred in many engineering facilities. In this study, it is aimed to research performance of GPS PPP technique and web based online services in positioning applications especially performed around the forest environments. For this purpose, two test stations have been established in different locations around the forest area, located in Campus of Davutpasa, Yildiz Technical University, Istanbul, and stations have been observed repeatedly in static GPS surveying mode for 3 days and per day with 3-hours observation duration. The observations have been computed by commercial software as using final GPS ephemerides products so called TopconTools v8.2 and also by web based online services namely OPUS, AUSPOS, CSRS-PPP, GAPS and APPS.