2nd INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON TRIBOLOGY, İstanbul, Turkey, 18 April 2018, pp.244-249
In the last decades a lot has been discussed about the suitability of using cutting fluid to cooling and lubricate
machining processes. The use of cutting fluid generally causes economy of tools and it becomes easier to keep tight
tolerances and to maintain workpiece surface properties without damages. There are various advantages of cutting
fluid application as increasing tool life, decreasing machining times and improving surface quality. However, there are
some disadvantages of cutting fluid as high costs relating storages, preparation, filtration and recycling, pollution
harmful to environment. In the other hand, it brings also some problems, like fluid residuals and human diseases.
Because of environmental and health problem some alternatives has been sought to minimize of cutting fluid in
machining operations. Various methods such as spray application, MQL, dry machining and internally cooled have
been offered in machining processes. However, there are also situations where cutting fluid must be used, such as gear
making, broaching and honing. Therefore, topics like kinds and methods of applications of modern cutting fluids and
what are new in this area will unavoidably are considered.