BASS. XXXV. The M BH-σ* Relation of 105 Month Swift-BAT Type 1 AGNs

Caglar T., Koss M. J., Burtscher L., Trakhtenbrot B., ERDİM M. K., Mejía-Restrepo J. E., ...More

Astrophysical Journal, vol.956, no.1, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 956 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.3847/1538-4357/acf11b
  • Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, INSPEC, zbMATH, Directory of Open Access Journals, DIALNET
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


We present two independent measurements of stellar velocity dispersions (σ ⋆) from the Ca ii H+K λ3969, 3934 and Mg i b λ 5183, 5172, 5167 region (3880-5550 Å) and the calcium triplet region (8350-8750 Å) for 173 hard X-ray-selected Type 1 active galactic nuclei (AGNs; z ≤ 0.08) from the 105 month Swift-BAT catalog. We construct one of the largest samples of local Type 1 AGNs that have both single-epoch virial black hole mass (M BH) estimates and σ ⋆ measurements obtained from high spectral resolution data, allowing us to test the usage of such methods for supermassive black hole studies. We find that the two independent σ ⋆ measurements are highly consistent with each other, with an average offset of only 0.002 ± 0.001 dex. Comparing M BH estimates based on broad emission lines and stellar velocity dispersion measurements, we find that the former is systematically lower by ≈0.12 dex. Consequently, Eddington ratios estimated through broad-line M BH determinations are similarly biased (but in the opposite way). We argue that the discrepancy is driven by extinction in the broad-line region. We also find an anticorrelation between the offset from the M BH-σ ⋆ relation and the Eddington ratio. Our sample of Type 1 AGNs shows a shallower M BH-σ ⋆ relation (with a power-law exponent of ≈3.5) compared with that of inactive galaxies (with a power-law exponent of ≈4.5), confirming earlier results obtained from smaller samples.