Evaluation of hydrogen production with iron-based chemical looping fed by different biomass

Oruc O., DİNCER İ.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, vol.45, no.60, pp.34557-34565, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 45 Issue: 60
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2020.04.119
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Artic & Antarctic Regions, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Environment Index, INSPEC
  • Page Numbers: pp.34557-34565
  • Keywords: Biomass, Efficiency, Energy, Exergy, Hydrogen production, Iron-based chemical looping process, PERFORMANCE, SYSTEM, COMBUSTION
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, the iron-based chemical looping process driven by various biomasses for hydrogen production purposes is studied and evaluated thermodynamically through energy and exergy approaches. The overall system consists of some key units (combustor, reducers and oxidizer) a torrefier, a drying chamber, an air separation unit, a heat exchanger, and auxiliary units as well. The biomasses considered are first dried and torrified in the drying chamber and sent to reactors to produce hydrogen. The exergy and energy efficiencies of the iron based chemical looping facility are investigated comparatively for performance evaluation. The maximum exergy destruction and entropy production rates are calculated for the torrefaction process as 123.15 MW and 4926 kW/K respectively. Under the steady-state conditions, a total of 8 kg/s hydrogen is produced via chemical looping process. The highest energy efficiency is obtained in the looping of rice husk with 86% while the highest exergy efficiency is obtained in the looping using sugarcane bagasse with 91%, respectively. (C) 2020 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.