Recent Advances in 4D Bioprinting

Akpek A.

Research Journal of Biomedical and Biotechnology, vol.1, no.1, pp.20-23, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)


Four-dimensional (4D) bioprinting, is generally accepted as the future of biofabrication technologies. 4D bioprinting develops dynamic and 3D based biological materials which can shift their shapes or alter their behaviors when several stimulants like electricity, temperature, humidity, magnetic etc. are applied. In this review, we highlighted the important aspects of several smart materials for 4D bioprinting that have been used recently for biofabrication researches. It is believed that in immediate future, smart materials and 4D Bioprinting techniques will have an excessive importance for designing of soft robotic systems and architecture of hierarchial, compex, thick and vascularized tissue structures