Cutting Fluids in Machining and Environmental Issues -A Review

Kıyak M., Çakır O., Şahin İ.

5 th International Conference on Computational and Eperimental Science and Engineering (ICCESEN-2018), Antalya, Turkey, 12 - 16 October 2018, pp.152-159

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Antalya
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.152-159
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In the last decades the suitability of using cutting fluid to cooling and lubricate machining processes have been heavily discussed. The use of cutting fluid generally causes economy of tools and it becomes easier to keep tight tolerances and to maintain workpiece surface properties without damages. There are various advantages of cutting fluid application as increasing tool life, decreasing machining times and improving surface quality. However, there are some disadvantages of cutting fluid as high costs relating storages, preparation, filtration and recycling, pollution harmful to environment. In the other hand, it brings also some problems, like fluid residuals and human diseases. Because of environmental and health problems, some alternatives have been sought to minimize of cutting fluid in machining operations. Various methods such as spray application, MQL, dry machining and internally cooled cutting tool have been offered in machining processes. However, there are also necessary machining operations where cutting fluid must be used, such as gear making, broaching and honing. Therefore, the application methods of modern cutting fluids and what are new in this area will unavoidably are considered. The results of investigations on the development and use of methods of applying cutting fluids were given in this paper. Moreover environmental issues have been discussed in detail.