Estimating Return Rate of Blockchain Financial Product by ANFIS-PSO Method

BİRİM Ş., SÖNMEZ F. E., Liman Y. S.

4th International Conference on Intelligent and Fuzzy Systems (INFUS), Bornova, Turkey, 19 - 21 July 2022, vol.504, pp.802-809 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 504
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/978-3-031-09173-5_92
  • City: Bornova
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.802-809
  • Keywords: ANFIS, PSO, ANFIS-PSO, Cryptocurrencies, Bitcoin, Ethereum, Tether, CRYPTOCURRENCIES, DOLLAR
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: No


Today, blockchain technology is developing rapidly and the volume of blockchain financial product trading is increasing rapidly as well. The aim of this study is to predict the return rates of cryptocurrencies with the help of artificial learning applications, considering the complex and unstable structure of the financial system. The rate of return is one of the important criteria used for investment decisions. Therefore, an efficient method for return rate prediction will help investors in preparing their portfolios. Ethereum, one of the top three most traded cryptocurrencies in the world, was chosen for empirical analysis. The adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system approach (ANFIS) has emerged as a method that has been frequently used in recent years. ANFIS uses optimization algorithms to obtain the best prediction performance based on neural network modeling. The ANFIS approach has a multilayered structure consisting of many nodes inside and connections between the layers. ANFIS retains the properties of a fuzzy system while applying the principles of a neural network. Computations in the layers are conducted to learn and reproduce the information of the system. In this study, the particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm is used to train the ANFIS network. PSO aims to find the best-performing model in predicting the prices of three major cryptocurrencies that are Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Tether. The prediction accuracy of the proposed models was checked on the test set with performance indicators of root mean squared error (RMSE) and mean absolute percentage error (MAPE). The ANFIS-PSO approach gives strong results in cryptocurrency rate of return estimation.