A Unified Differential Mode Noise Estimation Method and Filter Size Comparison in Single Phase Multi-Leg and Multi-Level Totem-Pole PFC Converters

Tausif A., Dusmez S.

IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol.38, no.6, pp.7197-7206, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 38 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/tpel.2023.3255543
  • Journal Name: IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.7197-7206
  • Keywords: Differential-mode (DM) filter, DM noise, electromagnetic interference (EMI), interleaved, multilevel, power factor correction (PFC), switched-mode power supply, totem-pole (TP)
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Wide band-gap power devices have enabled single-phase totem-pole (TP) power factor correction (PFC) converter designs to be switched at several tens of kHz under hard-switching and hundreds of kHz under soft-switching. It is straight-forward to analyze and compare the volume of boost inductor for TP PFC converters having multi-leg and multi-level configurations operating under continuous-conduction-mode (CCM) and critical-conduction-mode (CrM) at various switching frequencies; however, the impact of topology and switching frequency selections remains unchallenged for generated differential mode (DM) noise. This paper proposes a unified and generalized DM noise estimation method for multi-leg, and multi-level TP PFC converters operated under both CCM and CrM operation modes. The method has been verified with simulation results obtained from various TP PFC topologies, as well as experimental results obtained from single-leg CCM and 4-Level CCM TP PFC converters. The empirically determined boxed sizes of DM filters have been compared among various TP PFC topologies, and the best switching frequency for each topology has been determined with the integration of boost inductor volume comparison.