The skeletal and heaped characteristic of traditional masonry structures

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Alioglu E. F., Alper B.

11th International Conference on Structural Studies, Repairs and Maintenance of Heritage Architecture, Tallinn, Estonia, 22 - 24 July 2009, vol.109, pp.151-159 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 109
  • Doi Number: 10.2495/str090141
  • City: Tallinn
  • Country: Estonia
  • Page Numbers: pp.151-159
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Just as in all pre-industrial societies, the historic structures in Anatolia derive from two materials, timber and stone. In timber construction, two categories, namely heaped construction and skeletal construction, are clearly distinguishable. In research to date, it can be seen that these categories have been clearly defined and explained. Yet, structural definitions in masonry buildings are mostly limited to the term heaped construction. However, in traditional masonry structures, it is possible to see, whether clearly or under a layer, a construction that reminds one of skeletal construction.