Creation of Spatial Plans Package for the Representation of Rrrs Caused by Spatial Plans Within the LADM Standard: a Case Study for Turkey

Creative Commons License

Yilmaz O., Alkan M.

XVII FIG CONGRESS, Warszawa, Poland, 11 - 16 September 2022, no.11437, pp.1-15

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Warszawa
  • Country: Poland
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-15
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Land management is a versatile, complex discipline that needs a legal framework. Participation and interoperability are important components of successful land management. Land Administration Domain Model (LADM), one of the international standards in which the land's rights, restrictions, and responsibilities (RRR) are represented, does not yet cover all RRRs. Incountry profiles created using the LADM standard, RRRs from land registration and title deed (or agreement) systems are generally used. However, spatial plans, valuation, taxation, legal regulations, and land development decisions create RRRs on the land. In order to realize the holistic, participatory, and sustainable land management approach, value, plan, registration, land development, etc., data in different formats and different institutions should be associated with each other in a land management system. In particular, spatial plans have an essential place in integrating physical city models and legal models with the help of 3D legal RRRs and many other RRRs. As the pressure of urbanization increases, the effective use of limited areas is possible with spatial plans. There may be different RRRs at different levels of immovable property (underground or above). In the real-life spaces, we are used to, and in the virtual worlds and metaverses that have recently entered our lives, the owners do not have unlimited rights in their grids. To create ideal cities in areas where people (or avatars) live together, there must be rules that everyone must follow. Therefore, spatial plans play a key role in providing this order. This study aims to obtain outputs to create a spatial planning package in LADM. Thus, the goal of representing each RRR affecting the land in a standard model is expected to be closer. The spatial planning system of Turkey was taken as a basis for creating the package. Legal documents, sample plans, international standards (INSPIRE LandUse Thema, Plan4All project, etc.), and studies in the literature were examined. By examining the legal documents, the hierarchy of the planning system, authorized institutions, the scope of the plans, and the relationship between them was determined. With the help of this relationship, the classes of the spatial planning package were created. Codelists were created from the information obtained by examining the sample plans and official documents. It has been concluded that the package created is sufficient to represent the spatial plans of Turkey and the RRRs they have created. It is thought that by defining the relationship of the package with the LADM core classes, the spatial plans that form the RRR on the land can be presented in a standard model.