Nisin production of three bioengineered strains, (LAC338, LAC339 and LAC340) with immunity (nisFEG) and/or regulation (nisRK) genes of nisin biosynthesis on plasmids in the Lactococcus lactis LL27 nisin producer, was evaluated under pH-controlled and pH-uncontrolled batch fermentations. Optimization studies showed that fructose and yeast extract yielded the highest nisin activity. The strains LAC338, LAC339, and LAC340 produced 24, 45, and 44% more nisin, respectively, than wild-type L. lactis LL27 after 12-h incubation. However, sharp decreases in the yield of nisin were observed at the late phase of fermentation with LAC339 and LL27 in contrast to LAC340 and LAC338 strains for which the high level of nisin could be maintained longer. Obviously, increasing the copy number of the regulation genes together with immunity genes in the nisin producers retarded the loss of nisin in the late phase of the fermentation.