Determination of radiation shielding parameters of 304L stainless steel specimens from welding area for photons of various gamma ray sources

Buyukyildiz M., KURUDİREK M., Ekici M., İÇELLİ O. , KARABUL Y.

PROGRESS IN NUCLEAR ENERGY, cilt.100, ss.245-254, 2017 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 100
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.pnucene.2017.06.014
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.245-254


In the present study, welding area of 304 L stainless steel samples has been investigated with respect to photon interactions as means of linear attenuation coefficient (mu), mass attenuation coefficient (mu/rho), half-value layer (HVL), tenth-value layer (TVL), effective atomic number(Z(eff)), electron density (Ne), energy absorption and exposure buildup factors for the first time. Five welded samples were irradiated by Am-241, Co-57, Ba-133, Cs-137 and Co-60 radioactive sources. The mu/rho of samples were measured at 59.54, 122.01, 356.01, 661.66 and 1173.23 keV photon energies, and these coefficients were then used to determine Zeff and Ne using an interpolation method. Theoretical values of these parameters were also compared with the experimental values, and a good agreement has been obtained (relative difference (%) in Z(eff) <= 5.2%). Theoretical Z(eff) of 304 L was compared to the experimental Z(effs) of welded steels to show differences between pure and welded 304Ls. It has been concluded that the welding process decreased radiation shielding capability when compared to pure 304 L stainless steel. Finally, energy absorption and exposure buildup factors of steels were calculated in the energy region 0.015-15 MeV, and significant differences between pure and welded 304Ls were obtained in the continuous energy region. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.