Effect of Carbon Nanotube Reinforcement on Creep and Recovery Behavior of Additively Manufactured Polymers: An Experimental and Prediction Study

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Feratoğlu K., İSTİF İ., Gümüş Ö. Y., Türkeş E.

Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s13369-024-08855-4
  • Journal Name: Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Communication Abstracts, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, zbMATH, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Artificial neural network, Creep behavior, Fused deposition modeling, Identification, Nanocomposite polymers, Viscoelastic behavior
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, one of the most frequently used polymeric materials in fused deposition modeling (FDM) acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) is reinforced with different amount of carbon nanotubes (CNTs). Thermogravimetric analysis and differential scanning calorimetry analysis are applied to examine thermal degradation behavior of produced nanocomposite filaments. Specimens are manufactured by fused deposition modeling by using produced nanocomposite filaments. Tensile, creep and viscoelastic-viscoplastic behaviors of FDM-printed nanocomposite samples are investigated by conducting tensile, creep and loading–unloading tests under different strain rates and strain levels. Morphology of 3D printed samples is examined through scanning electron microscopy. Void densities which plays important role in mechanical behavior of additively manufactured samples are determined via ImageJ and CNT reinforcement on void densities are investigated. Data obtained from tests are used in system identification process, and multi-input–single-output model structures are proposed for the prediction of tensile, creep and recovery behaviors of 3D printed nanocomposite materials.