Logical empiricism in Turkish exile: Hans Reichenbach's research and teaching activities at Istanbul University (1933-1938)


ROURE P.

SYNTHESE, vol.200, no.3, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 200 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11229-022-03740-9
  • Journal Name: SYNTHESE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, IBZ Online, Periodicals Index Online, Index Islamicus, Linguistic Bibliography, Linguistics & Language Behavior Abstracts, MLA - Modern Language Association Database, Philosopher's Index, zbMATH, DIALNET
  • Keywords: Hans Reichenbach, Berlin Group, Istanbul University, Logical empiricism, Problem of induction, Gestalt psychology, Turkish women philosophers
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

In this article, I seek to shed new light on a lesser-known stage of the development of Hans Reichenbach's thought, namely his research, output and teaching activities at Istanbul University (1933-1938). I argue that the experience of Turkish exile was decisive in the elaboration of Reichenbach's probability theory of meaning and knowledge. His work Experience and Prediction, produced while in Istanbul, should therefore be put in its Turkish context of elaboration and reception. To this end, I will take into consideration not only Reichenbach's efforts to popularize and extend the Berlin Group's program of scientific philosophy in Turkey and throughout Europe in the 1930s, but also the forgotten work of Reichenbach's students-most of them women-at Istanbul University.