The main purpose of this paper is to investigate the tribological performance of the zinc-phosphate- and chromium-coated spheroidal cast iron piston rings in reciprocating tribotest rig with conventional commercial lubricant. Results of the experiments showed that tribofilm was formed both on ring and liner surfaces. Zinc phosphate coating was removed from the ring surface after the experiments. Wear rate of liner-chromium-coated ring pair was lower than the liner-phosphate-coated ring. The friction coefficient of the liner-phosphate-coated ring pair ranged from 0.104 to 0.124, lower than the liner-chromium-coated ring, which ranged from 0.114 to 0.129. Change of average surface roughness was also lower in chromium-coated ring (31%) than the phosphate-coated ring (72%). Test results showed that hard chromium-coated ring had better tribological performance and coating efficiency than the phosphate-coated ring due to wear resistance and lower change of average surface roughness.