17th International Conference on Power and Energy Systems Engineering, Paris, France, 25 - 28 August 2015, pp.1-6
Energy is an indispensable resource to meet the needs
of people. Depending on the needs of people, the correct and efficient
use of electrical energy became important nowadays. Besides the
need for the electrical energy is also increasing with the rapidly
developing technology and continuously changing living standards.
Due to depletion of energy sources and increased demand for
electricity, efficient energy use is an important research topic.
Recently, ideas like smart cities, smart buildings and smart homes has
been widely used under smart grid concept. With smart grid
infrastructure, it will be possible to monitor electrical demand of a
residential customer and control each electricity generation center for
more efficient energy flow. The smallest component of the smart grid
can be considered as smart homes. Better utilization of the electrical
grid can be achieved through the communication of the smart home
with both other customers in the grid and appliances in the house
itself since generation can effectively be scheduled by having more
precise demand data. Smart Plugs are used for the communication
with the household appliances in the house. Smart Plug is an
intermediate control element, which can be mounted on the existing
outlet, and thus can be used to monitor the energy consumption of the
plugged device and also can provide on/off control energy remotely.
This study proposes a Smart Plug for energy monitoring and energy
management. Proposed design is composed of five subsystems: micro
controller embedded system with communication system, metering
circuitry, power supply and switching circuitry. The developed smart
plug offers efficient use of electrical energy.