Regenerative braking is one of the most promising and ecologically friendly solutions for improving energy efficiency and vehicle stability in electric and hybrid electric cars. This research describes a data-driven method for detecting and diagnosing issues in hybrid electric vehicle regenerative braking systems. Early fault identification can help enhance system performance and health. This study is centered on the construction of an inference system for fault diagnosis in a generalized fuzzy environment. For such an inference system, finite-state deterministic fully intuitionistic fuzzy automata (FDFIFA) are established. Semigroup of FDFIFA and its algebraic properties including substructures and structure-preserving maps are investigated. The inference system uses FDFIFA semigroups as variables, and FDFIFA semigroup homomorphisms are employed to illustrate the relationship between variables. The newly established model is then applied to diagnose the possible fault and their nature in the regenerative braking systems of hybrid electric vehicles by modeling the performance of superchargers and air coolers. The method may be used to evaluate faults in a wide range of systems, including autos and aerospace systems.