Hydrogen production from 2-propanol over Pt/Al2O3 and Ru/Al2O3 catalysts in supercritical water


Karakus Y., Aynaci F., KIPÇAK E. , AKGÜN M.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, vol.38, no.18, pp.7298-7306, 2013 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 38 Issue: 18
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.04.033
  • Title of Journal : INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.7298-7306
  • Keywords: 2-propanol, Catalytic gasification, Hydrogen, Supercritical water, HYDROTHERMAL GASIFICATION, BIOMASS, CELLULOSE, GLUCOSE, OXIDATION, ETHANOL, WASTE

Abstract

One of the alternative energy sources to fossil fuels is the use of hydrogen as an energy carrier, which provides zero emission of pollutants and high-energy efficiency when used in fuel cells, hydrogen internal combustion engines (HICE) or hydrogen-blend gaseous fueled internal combustion engines (HBICE). The gasification of organics in supercritical water is a promising method for the direct production of hydrogen at high pressures, with very short reaction times. In this study, hydrogen production from 2-propanol over Pt/Al2O3 and Ru/Al2O3 catalysts was investigated in supercritical water. To investigate the influences on hydrogen production, the experiments were carried out in the temperature range of 400 -550 degrees C and in the reaction time range of 10-30 s, under a pressure of 25 MPa. In addition, different 2-propanol concentrations and reaction pressures were tested in order to comprehend the effects on the gasification yield and hydrogen production. It was found that Pt/Al2O3 catalyst was much more selective and effective for hydrogen production when compared to Ru/Al2O3. During the catalytic gasification of a 0.5 M solution of 2-propanol, a hydrogen content up to 96 mol% for a gasification yield of 5 L/L feed was obtained. Copyright (C) 2013, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.