A numerical and experimental study on the outrigger positioning of a trimaran hull in terms of resistance

Yıldız B., Şener B., Duman S., Datla R.

OCEAN ENGINEERING, vol.198, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 198
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.oceaneng.2020.106938
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, Environment Index, Geobase, ICONDA Bibliographic, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Trimaran, Outrigger positioning, Resistance, Towing tank tests, Computational fluid dynamics, CFD SIMULATIONS
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Although the trimaran design has gained increasing popularity toward the end of the 20th century, there are a few experimental or numerical data available to aid the designer. In this study, the results of experimental and numerical studies for a high-speed trimaran hull are presented to analyze the resistance and running attitude characteristics. A 1/125 scale model was tested at a single outrigger configuration for a range of speeds up to Froude number of 0.5. A three-dimensional RANS solver code based on the finite volume method was used to simulate the forward motion of the trimaran under two degrees of freedom in calm water. A verification study was conducted to calculate the uncertainties in the computations. Then, nine different outrigger configurations were analyzed using CFD. The wave profile on the center-hull and the wave patterns are provided to show the effect of the interference between the center-hull and outriggers on the calculated resistance. The resistance characteristics of each outrigger configuration are presented. Considerable changes in total resistance are reported in some cases. It is concluded that CFD can be used as a robust, reliable and repeatable method when it comes to examining multiple cases.