Speech segment detection based on gated recurrent unit (GRU) recurrent neural networks for the Kurdish language was investigated in the present study. The novelties of the current research are the utilization of a GRU in Kurdish speech segment detection, creation of a unique database from the Kurdish language, and optimization of processing parameters for Kurdish speech segmentation. This study is the first attempt to find the optimal feature parameters of the model and to form a large Kurdish vocabulary dataset for a speech segment detection based on consonant, vowel, and silence (C/V/S) discrimination. For this purpose, four window sizes and three window types with three hybrid feature vector techniques were used to describe the phoneme boundaries. Identification of the phoneme boundaries using a GRU recurrent neural network was performed with six different classification algorithms for the C/V/S discrimination. We have demonstrated that the GRU model has achieved outstanding speech segmentation performance for characterizing Kurdish acoustic signals. The experimental findings of the present study show the significance of the segment detection of speech signals by effectively utilizing hybrid features, window sizes, window types, and classification models for Kurdish speech.