Magnetic properties of van der Waals ferromagnet VI3 and CrI3: a renormalization group approach


Indian Journal of Physics, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12648-024-03133-3
  • Journal Name: Indian Journal of Physics
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Chemical Abstracts Core, INSPEC, zbMATH
  • Keywords: Critical phenomena, Renormalization group method, Van der Waals ferromagnetism
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Motivated by the experimental findings and the available recent theoretical works of two-dimensional van der Waals ferromagnets, we calculated the critical coupling strength of VI3 and CrI3 monolayers. We expressed the monolayer Hamiltonian as pairwise interactions with the Ising model and analyzed the problem with the renormalization group theory. We used the decimation transformation method while applying the renormalization group theory. Using the methods we developed earlier, we overcame the problem of the decimated lattice not being self-dual. Since the CrI3 and VI3 lattice structures are the same, the coupling constants Km,c corresponding to these monolayers were calculated as 0.383; here index m denotes either CrI3 or VI3. Since the experimentally determined critical temperatures of these monolayers are also very close to each other, the exchange coupling energy Jm,c corresponding to these monolayers was determined approximately as 3.2×10-22 Joule.