Dicle University, 1st International Archictecture Symposium, Diyarbakır, Türkiye, 4 - 06 Ekim 2018, ss.1888-1900
Indoor air pollution is one of the major hazards that contradict the primal existing aim of buildings. The negative outcomes due to the exposure to indoor air pollution are mainly related to physical, chemical and biological properties of pollutants and their concentration level which tend to change constantly through space and time. This tendency increases the difficulties and risk of inadequate results during the determination task of indoor air pollution. Because of this, situations that affect these properties gain importance: properties of pollutant resources, the volume of the space, properties of air movements and relationship between different types of pollutants and indoor surfaces. In scientific researches, it is stated that among these factors, the results of mentioned relationship can create significant and unpredictable health risks in consequence of insufficient level of knowledge about this phenomenon. Based on the fact that, in most cases, the air pollution encountered in indoor environments is a mixture of different groups; pollutants can affect each other or be affected by the indoor surfaces according to their duration of existence. The results of these relations may change the types and concentration levels of pollutants, hence the properties of indoor air pollution. The identification of different possibilities of relations will facilitate the determination tasks of indoor air pollution, increase the quality and enhance the results. In addition to this, designers should be careful about the surface and chemical properties of building products and if possible avoid selecting reaction prone products or use them with proper solutions. Also, appropriate detail design can eliminate the negative impacts of dampness, temperature, humidity conditions that accelerate relation results and rapid removal of pollutants before the relation starts can be supplied with an intentionally designed ventilation strategy.