Energy-efficient biogas production from co-digestion of food waste and sewage sludge via kinetic modeling and exergy analyses


Environment, Development and Sustainability, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10668-023-03534-0
  • Journal Name: Environment, Development and Sustainability
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, International Bibliography of Social Sciences, PASCAL, ABI/INFORM, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, CAB Abstracts, Geobase, Greenfile, Index Islamicus, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Co-digestion, Design of experiment, Exergy, Food waste, Waste management
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Co-digestion of the waste is used for the increasing biogas production performance frequently. Response surface methodology and exergy analysis for the co-digestion potential of the food waste and sewage sludge occurred. Thus, the most suitable conditions were examined statistically and energy efficiently. The highest biogas production was found as 484 mL per g VS for the thermophilic condition with F/I ratio of 3 and food waste-to-sewage sludge ratio 1:1. When the energy and exergy performance of thermophilic and mesophilic conditions were compared, the most energetically efficient conditions were 45 °C, F/I ratio of 5 and food-to-total substrate ratio of 1:2. In the study, total energy and biogas efficiencies were found that the thermophilic conditions in which temperature 55 °C, F/I ratio of 1 and food-to-total substrate ratio of 1:3 were the best operational conditions (effectiveness: 63.8%, exergy efficiency 42.2% and integrated efficiency 26.9%). These statistical calculations and energy balances can change according to the substrates and may contribute to the energy production potential of the biogas plants by considering the most efficient operational conditions. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]