Alleviation of juglone stress by plant growth regulators in germination of cress seeds

Terzi I., Kocacaliskan İ.

Scientific Research and Essays, vol.4, no.5, pp.436-439, 2009 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 4 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Journal Name: Scientific Research and Essays
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.436-439
  • Keywords: Alleviation, cress, gibberellic acid, juglone stress, kinetin, seed germination, seedling growth, ALLELOCHEMICALS, MUSKMELON
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: No


Juglone (5-Hydroxy-1, 4-naphthoquinone) is an allelochemical responsible for walnut allelopathy. The effects of gibberellic acid (GA) and kinetin (KIN) in overcoming juglone stress on seed germination and seedling growth were investigated in cress (Lepidium sativum cv. Bandi{dotless}rma). Pretreated seeds with plant growth regulators were used in the study to test their alleviation effect after juglone stress. It was found that seed germination of cress was inhibited by juglone in range of 0.2 - 1 mM concentrations but GA and KIN alleviated this inhibition significantly. Both elongation and fresh and dry weights of the seedlings were also reduced by juglone, and the plant growth regulators alleviated them. GA was found more effective than KIN in alleviation of juglone stress. © 2009 Academic Journals.