Quasi Resonant Inverter Load Recognition Method


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Ozturk M., Zungor F., Emre B., Oz B.

IEEE ACCESS, vol.10, pp.89376-89386, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/access.2022.3201355
  • Journal Name: IEEE ACCESS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Compendex, INSPEC, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.89376-89386
  • Keywords: Resonant inverters, RLC circuits, Mathematical models, Switching circuits, Semiconductor diodes, Integrated circuit reliability, Load modeling, Induction heating, Converters, Home appliances, Resonant converters, Safety, Energy efficiency, Home appliances, induction cooking systems, induction cookers, load detection methods, resonant converters, single switch quasi resonant inverter, INDUCTION, IMPLEMENTATION, IDENTIFICATION, CONVERTER, COOKWARE, CIRCUIT

Abstract

Induction heating (IH) technology is very popular in domestic applications because of its efficiency and safe operating properties. Resonant inverter circuits are widely used in IH systems owing to their high efficiency and soft-switching capability. Among the resonant inverters used in IH systems, the single-switch quasi-resonant inverter topology is generally preferred for low-cost and low-output-power applications. Despite the low-cost advantage of the quasi-resonant inverter, the soft-switching range is quite narrow, and it is not stable depending on the electrical parameters of the load that is desired to be heated. In other words, there is a critical relationship between the electrical characteristics of the pan, turn-on, and turn-off times, which are the control parameters of the semiconductor switch, and the safe working conditions. In addition, when the importance of closed-loop control methods is evaluated together with the selection of resonant circuit elements, it is essential to determine whether the load is suitable for heating, and to determine the electrical properties of the load to provide both reliable and efficient operating conditions. This study focuses on a new load-detection method based on circuit analysis for quasi-resonant induction hobs. After determining the load parameters, the turn-on and turn-off times of the semiconductor switch were determined to obtain the lowest possible switching loss. Therefore, the boundary conditions of the semiconductor switch are maintained within these limits. The proposed method and its advantages for the switch safe operating area were theoretically examined and proved through simulations and prototype circuits.