A review of nanorefrigerants: Flow characteristics and applications

Celen A. , Cebi A. , Aktas M., Mahian O., DALKILIÇ A. S. , Wongwises S.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REFRIGERATION-REVUE INTERNATIONALE DU FROID, cilt.44, ss.125-140, 2014 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Derleme
  • Cilt numarası: 44
  • Basım Tarihi: 2014
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2014.05.009
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.125-140


The heat transfer performance of various thermal devices may be augmented by active and passive techniques. One of the passive techniques is the addition of ultrafine particles (called nanoparticles) to the common heat transfer fluids so that the thermal transport properties of the prepared suspension (called nanofluid) will be enhanced as compared to the base fluid. Nanorefrigerants are a special type of nanofluids which are mixtures of nanoparticles and refrigerants and have a broad range of applications in diverse fields for instance refrigeration, air conditioning systems, and heat pumps. In this paper, a review is performed in order to clarify effect of nanorefrigerant properties (such as nanoparticle type, size and concentration) on heat transfer and pressure drop compared to pure refrigerant. Moreover, studies related to the thermophysical properties, flow and pool boiling, and applications of nanorefrigerants to some specific areas such as domestic refrigerators, heat pipes and air conditioners are also summarized. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd and IIR. All rights reserved.