POLYMER BULLETIN, vol.70, no.11, pp.3041-3053, 2013 (SCI-Expanded)
In this study, N-isopropylacrylamide/itaconic acid (NIPAAm/IA) hydrogels prepared by irradiating with gamma radiation were used in experiments on cesium ion adsorption. The cesium ion adsorption capacity of the hydrogels was investigated as a function of Cs+ concentration, pH and temperature. The adsorption behavior of cesium was evaluated by using the radiotracer method. The adsorption isotherm models were applied to the experimental data, and it was seen that Freundlich isotherm explained the adsorption better than Langmuir isotherm. Two simplified kinetic models including pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order equation were selected to follow the adsorption processes. The Cs+ adsorption could be best described by the pseudo-first-order equation. The thermodynamic parameters including Delta GA degrees, Delta HA degrees and Delta SA degrees for adsorption processes of Cs+ on the hydrogel were also calculated, and the negative Delta HA degrees and Delta GA degrees confirmed that the adsorption process was exothermic and spontaneous.