MATERIALS SCIENCE IN SEMICONDUCTOR PROCESSING, vol.66, pp.207-211, 2017 (SCI-Expanded)
In this work, we present a method to increase the performance in solution processed organic field effect transistors (OFET) by using gel as dielectric and molecular doping to the active organic semiconductor. In order to compare the performance improvement, Poly (methylmethacrylate) (PMMA) and Poly (3-hexylthiophene-2,5diyl) P3HT material system were used as a reference. Propylene carbonate (PC) is introduced into PMMA to form the gel for using as gate dielectric. The mobility increases from 5.72 x 10(-3) to 0.26 cm(2) V s(-1) and operation voltage decreases from -60 to -0.8 with gel dielectric. Then, the molecular dopant 2,3,5,6-tetrafluoro-7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane (F4-TCNQ) is introduced into P3HT via co-solution. The mobility increases up to 1.1 cm(2) V s(-1) and the threshold voltage downs to -0.09 V with doping. The increase in performance is discussed in terms of better charge inducing by high dielectric properties of gel and trap filling due to the increased carrier density in active semiconductor by molecular doping.