Photovoltaic Array Optimum Tilt Angle

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Durusu A., Erduman A.

in: Theoretical Investigations and Applied Studies in Engineering, Ozseven T.,Yasar E., Editor, Ekin Yayınevi, Bursa, pp.167-184, 2019

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Vocational Book
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Publisher: Ekin Yayınevi
  • City: Bursa
  • Page Numbers: pp.167-184
  • Editors: Ozseven T.,Yasar E., Editor
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The sun is one of the most important resources in terms of renewable energy resources. Photovoltaic solar energy systems among renewable energy resources produce energy when sunlight is available, they are most bound to the sun. For the design or analysis of PV system, it is required to be known that how much radiation falls over PV panel. Optimum tilt angle is one of the most important parameters in order to receive maximum radiation over PV panels. As this angle is defending daily, monthly and annually based on the way of sun follows, this is special for the region. The detection of this angle accurately is primarily for maximum energy axtracting from PV. There are various methods concerning for detection of optimum tilt angle in various regions of the earth. In this chapter, the detailed examination of mathematical and experimental methods used in the detection of optimum tilt angle was carried out. This chapter showed that optimum tilt angle should be locally detected accurately. This general literature review will be useful for detection of optimum tilt angle for the ones who deal with PV system design and researchers.