Dynamic behavior of PEM fuel cell and microturbine power plants


El-Sharkh M. Y. , Sisworahardjo N. S. , Uzunoglu M. , Onar O., Alam M. S.

JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES, vol.164, no.1, pp.315-321, 2007 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 164 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2006.09.100
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES
  • Page Numbers: pp.315-321

Abstract

This paper presents a comparison between the dynamic behavior of a 250 kW stand-alone proton exchange membrane fuel cell power plant (PEM FCPP) and a 250 kW stand-alone microturbine (MT). Dynamic models for the two are introduced. To control the voltage and the power output of the PEM FCPP, voltage and power control loops are added to the model. For the MT, voltage, speed, and power control are used. Dynamic models are used to determine the response of the PEM FCPP and MT to a load step change. Simulation results indicate that the response of the MT to reach a steady state is about twice as fast as the PEM FCPP. For stand-alone operation of a PEM FCPP, a set of batteries or ultracapacitors is needed in order to satisfy the power mismatch during transient periods. Software simulation results are obtained by using MATLAB((R)), Simulink((R)), and SimPowerSystems((R)). (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.