Modelling of hydrogen production from hydrogen sulfide in geothermal power plants


INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, vol.43, no.23, pp.10569-10579, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Geothermal power plants emit high amount of hydrogen sulfide (H2S). The presence of H2S in the air, water, soils and vegetation is one of the main environmental concerns for geothermal fields. There is an increasing interest in developing suitable methods and technologies to produce hydrogen from H2S as promising alternative solution for energy requirements. In the present study, the AMIS technology is the invention of a proprietary technology (AMIS (R) - acronym for "Abatement of Mercury and Hydrogen Sulfide" in Italian language) for the abatement of hydrogen sulphide and mercury emission, is primarily employed to produce hydrogen from H2S. A proton exchange membrane (PEM) electrolyzes operates at 150 degrees C with gaseous H2S sulfur dimer in the anode compartment and hydrogen gas in the cathode compartment. Thermodynamic calculations of electrolysis process are made and parametric studies are undertaken by changing several parameters of the process. Also, energy and exergy efficiencies of the process are calculated as % 27.8 and % 57.1 at 150 degrees C inlet temperature of H2S, respectively. (C) 2018 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.